Names, terms and dates



Britain England and Wales united under this name
Great Britain England, Wales and Scotland united under this name
United Kingdom, the when Ireland joined, the official name became the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland; now the official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Union Jack, the nickname of the UK flag, official name is the Union Flag
population the total number of people who live in a particular country / city / town etc.
currency the type of money used in a country
London the capital city of England and the UK; a multicultural metropolis
Edinburgh the capital city of Scotland famous for its beautiful castle on top of a hill
Cardiff the capital city of Wales
Belfast the capital city of Northern Ireland
Alba Scottish name for Scotland
Gaelic language a language of Celtic origins, there is Scottish Gaelic and Irish Gaelic, too
St George the patron saint of England, his flag is a horizontal red cross on a white base (ENG flag), his day is 23rd April
St David the patron saint of Wales, his day is 1st March; his flag has a yellow horizontal cross o a black base
St Andrew the patron saint of Scotland, his flag has a white diagonal cross on a blue base (SCO flag), his day is 30th November
St Patrick the patron saint of Ireland, his day is 17th March, his flag has a red diagonal cross on a white base
thistle a plant / flower the flower symbol of Scotland
daffodil a yellow flower that comes in April, the flower symbol of Wales
shamrock the Irish clover, a symbol for Ireland that originates from St Patrick who taught the Trinity (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) using a three-leaf cover
lion the animal symbol of England and Scotland because it symbolizes strength, royalty and brave
Ben Nevis in SCO, the highest point of the UK (1,344 m)
loch Scottish word for ‘lake’
lough Irish word for ‘lake’
llyn Welsh word for ‘lake’
Loch Ness the legendary lake of Scotland with its popular ‘monster’, Nessie