Read the following extracts from stories about American inventions or famous stuff from the USA.
Visit QUIZLET for the vocabulary.
One day in 1906, a newspaper cartoonist named Tad Dorgan went to a baseball game where he saw men selling dachshund sausages to the spectators.
Strauss came to California to sell canvas to the gold miners in the 1850s. Later he had changed this canvas for softer material called denim and made pants from it for the gold miners.
In the 1870 Scottish teacher and inventor Alexander Graham Bell was experimenting with a machine to help the deaf hear. He had an idea to use electricity and wires to send the human voice from one place to another.
Druggist John Pemberton made a brown syrup by mixing coca leaves and cola nuts and sold the mixture as an all-purpose medicine. Later, another drugstore owner Asa Candler mixed this syrup with soda and began selling it in his stores.
The Statue of Liberty
French scupltor Frédéric-Augustine Bartholdi who admired the USA thought of a gift to send the Americans. He and his friends all contributed to help – Bartholdi offered to design a statue, Alexandre Eiffel offered to figure out how it would stand.
The Doubleday myth says that the Union’s general in the American Civil War might have invented one of the most popular sports in America in 1839. However, he never claimed it himself.
Patrick McDonald first sold hot-dogs at The Airdome, a food stand in Monrovia City, CA. Later he added hamburger and all-you-can-drink orange juice for 5 cents. Some years later his sons realized that the most profitable food is the burger served on a bun.
In 1905, the place was a small train stop in the desert with some buildings around it. Forty years later Bugsy Siegel built his first casino there. Nowadays the place is the gambling capital of the world.
Executive Director of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, Margaret Harrick looked at the statue and said, “He looks just like my Uncle Oscar.” The name stuck and became official in 1939.
Sculptor Gutzon Borglum started the project in 1927 and worked on it with about 400 men for 14 years. Ho died shortly before the official opening of this monumental work of art on the side of a mountain.
In 1975, Bill dropped out of Harvard University to work on a computer program in a dormitory room with his friend Allen. This software would run one of the first personal computers and later it made Bill the youngest billionaire ever in US history.
Ford realized that using the assembly line method would make it a lot faster and cheaper to produce his Model T. And it actually did, the 14-hour-long process dropped to 2 hours and the price of the car from $850 to $265.
Will Keith Kellogg joined his brother John, who was a doctor at a sanitarium. Will tried to make healthy food for the patients. He forgot about the wheat he had cooked for bread-making and when he put it into the roller some hours later, the grains became flakes. It worked even better with corn when he tried.
More; Infographic: 20 Inventions you didn’t know were American
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