Names, terms and dates: the Anglo-Saxon Times, the Viking invasion and the Medieval Times


Angles, Saxons, Jutes people who came to Britain from Germany, Holland and Denmark
October 14th, 1066 the Battle of Hastings won by William the Conqueror of Normandy
William the Conqueror of Normandy (King William I; The Norman; 1066-1087) defeated Danish King Harold at the battle of Hastings in 1066
Vikings, the violent and warrior people from Scandinavia (northern Europe, todays Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark) who sailed along the coast and burnt down a lot of towns
King Canute (or Cnut; House of Denmark; 1016-1035) he made peace in London by uniting Danish and Norwegian Vikings
Edward the Confessor (H. of Wessex; 1042-1066) a kind, warm-hearted person who he began the construction of Westminster Abbey; he promised the throne to his cousin William of Normandy
Danelaw (Danelagh) historical name, that part of England in the 9th-11th century where the laws of Denmark and the Danish King ruled (from the Scottish border down to London)
Harold (H. of Wessex; from 6 Jan to 14 Oct 1066) son of Godvin, Earl of Wessex; after the death of Edward the Confessor the Witan chose him to become the king
Witan, the an Anglo-Saxon council made up of noblemen, lords, knights and bishops that gave advice to the English king in everyday matters
port, a a town / city with an area of water where ships stop (= harbour / port), including the buildings around it
settler, a someone who goes to live in a place where not many people live, and starts to make it into a community
invader, an people, army etc that uses force (sometimes violence) to enter another country; e.g.: the Anglo-Saxons were invaders
explorer, an someone who travels to a place that other people don’t know much about in order to find out what is there
Mercia a kingdom in the Anglo-Saxon times
Medieval (also Norman) London the history of London from 1066 (William I) to 1485 (Henry VII,
a Tudor)
Northumbria a kingdom in north-east England and south-east Scotland in the 7th-10th centuries
guild, a a powerful group made up by craftsmen and tradesmen
apprentice, an a 11-12-year-old boy who began his education at a guild
journeyman, a a 13-14-yearl old boy who after being an apprentice went to other guilds around the country to get more knowledge and skills
coat-of-arms, a a symbol of e.g. a country; a noble family; a guild etc.