Names, terms, dates 1

Names, terms and dates from CHAPTER 1

Listen to the audio recording of Chapter 1.

Chapter 1 – A GREAT CITY

Queen Elizabeth the Second current British monarch
Londinium London’s Roman name
AD 43 the year the Romans came to England
Angles, Saxons, Jutes people who came to Britain from Germany, Holland and Denmark
October 14th, 1066 the Battle of Hastings won by William the Conqueror of Normandy
William the Conqueror of Normandy (King William I; The Norman; 1066-1087) defeated Danish King Harold at the battle of Hastings in 1066
Henry VIII (The Tudors; 1509-1547) the second Tudor Monarch, on throne from 1509 to 1547; had 6 wives
Elizabeth I (The Tudors; 1558-1603) King Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn’s daughter; during her reign great explorers discovered a lot of new lands and Shakespeare wrote many of his plays
Plague, the and epidemic that killed lots of people around Europe from the 14th to the 17th century
1665 the Year of the Great Plague
1666 the Great fire of London
Pudding Lane the Great Fire of London started here in a bakery
St Paul’s Cathedral the most important cathedral in London, a new St Paul’s was built after the Great Fire of London
Queen Victoria (Hanoverian, 1837-1901) had nine children; she ordered to build the Royal Albert Hall in the remembrance of her husband Albert who died
1851 the year of the Great Exhibition in London
Hyde Park the largest park in London
Tube, the London’s underground network, the first line was opened in 1863 (the Metropolitan line)
1939-1945 the Second World War